TOKYO (Reuters) – Oil prices climbed on Friday as countries including Australia moved ahead with plans to relax economic and social lockdowns put in place to halt the coronavirus pandemic, kindling market hopes for a boost in demand for crude and its products.
Brent crude was up by 87 cents, or 3%, at $30.33 a barrel by 0630 GMT, having fallen nearly 1% on Thursday.
U.S. oil gained $1.12, or 4.8%, to $24.67 a barrel, after a decline of nearly 2% in the previous session.
Both contracts are heading for a second week of gains after the lows of April, when U.S. oil crashed below zero, with Brent up around 15% for the week and WTI more than 24% higher.
However, crude is still being pumped into storage, raising the prospect that any gains prompted by stronger demand will be capped.
“Oil is rallying on expectations of better demand. There are green shoots there but I think the market will need to see those broaden and extend to sustain the rally,” said Lachlan Shaw, head of commodities research at National Australia Bank in Melbourne.
On the supply side, North American oil companies are cutting production quicker than OPEC officials and industry analysts expected and are on track to withdraw about 1.7 million barrels per day of output by the end of June.
“The supply cuts we have seen announced, particularly in North America, are also giving the market confidence,” Shaw said.
Still, U.S. crude inventories at the Cushing storage hub in Oklahoma increased by around 407,000 barrels in the week through May 5, traders said on Thursday, citing Genscape data.
Australia on Friday became the latest country to plan an easing of lockdown restrictions as infections from the virus slow to a trickle, aiming to relax social distancing restrictions in a three-stage process.
France, parts of the United States and countries such as Pakistan are also planning to ease the restrictions instituted to stop the spread of the world’s worst health crisis in a century.
In the U.S., the biggest consumer of oil and its products, motorists are starting to take to the roads as the lockdowns ease. Gasoline supplied to the U.S. market rose to almost 6.7 million barrels per day (bpd) last week, according to estimates from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Prices moved higher later in the session after U.S. and Chinese officials discussed a trade deal agreed earlier this year before the coronavirus outbreak, with both sides agreeing to implement the agreement.
“The apparent de-escalation of potential trade hostilities from this morning’s U.S.-China phone call has seen bullish sentiment return,” said Jeffrey Halley, senior market analyst at OANDA.
Reporting by Aaron Sheldrick; Editing by Kenneth Maxwell and Richard Pullin