For example, derivative contracts allow miners to stabilize their income which is tied to a cryptocurrency’s price. Arbitrage and market-making firms also utilize the instruments to hedge their trades. Ultimately, deeply liquid markets attract larger participants and increase their efficiency. Implied volatility is a useful and primary metric that can be extracted from options pricing. Whenever traders perceive increased risk of larger price oscillations, the indicator will shift higher. The opposite occurs during periods when the price is flat or if there is expectation of milder price swings.
Volatility is commonly known as a fear indicator, but this is mostly a backward-looking metric. The 2019 spike coincided with the $13,880 peak on June 26, followed by a sudden $1,400 decline. The more recent volatility spike from March 2020 happened after a 50% decline occurred in just 8 hours. Periods of low volatility are catalysts for more substantial price movements as it signals that market makers and arbitrage desks are willing to sell protection on lower premiums.
The current $4.2 billion in aggregate open interest might be modest compared to the August peak at $5.7 billion, but is still relevant. A couple of reasons might be holding back a larger figure, including the current BitMEX CFTC charges and KuCoin’s $150 million hack. High volatility is another critical factor holding back the open interest on Bitcoin derivatives.
Despite 57% being the lowest figure in the past 16 months, it still represents a sizable premium, especially for longer-term options. Both options and futures have a lot of synergy, as more advanced strategies combine both markets. A buyer betting on a $14K strike for the March 21 expiry in 160 days must pay a 10% premium. Therefore, the price at expiry must reach $15,165 or 34% above the current $11,300.
As a comparison, Apple shares hold a 41% 3-month volatility. Although higher than the S&P 500’s 29%, the long-term impact versus Bitcoin’s 47% has striking effects. The same 34% upside for a March 2021 call option for AAPL shares has a 2.7% premium.
Betting on $20K? Options might not be the best way
Although there is an implied cost to carrying a perpetual futures position for more extended periods, it hasn’t been burdensome. This is because the funding rate of perpetual futures is usually charged every 8 hours. The funding rate has been oscillating between positive and negative for the past couple of months. This results in a net neutral impact on buyers (longs) and short sellers that might have been carrying open positions.
Due to its inherent high volatility, Bitcoin options might not be the optimal way to structure leveraged bets. The same $1,150 cost of the March 2021 option could be used to acquire Bitcoin futures using a 4x leverage. This would yield a $1,570 gain (136%) once Bitcoin reaches the same 34% upside required for the option break even.
The above example does not invalidate options use, especially when building strategies that include selling call or put options. One should keep in mind that options have a set expiry. Therefore if the desired price range occurs only the following day, it yields no gain at all.
For the bulls out there, unless there is a specific price range and time frame in mind, it seems for now sticking with perpetual futures is the best solution.